References and Suggested Resources
Luby, S., M. Agboatwalla, D. Feikin, J. Painter, W. Billhimer, A. Altaf, and R. M.Hoekstra. 2005. “Effect of Handwashing on Child Health: A Randomized Controlled Trial.” The Lancet, Vol. 366, July 16,2005. http://www.aku.edu/CHS/pdf/SoapHealth_ARI_Lancet_Man.pdf Clasen, T. F., I. G. Roberts, T. Rabie, W-P Schmidt, and S. Cairncross. 2006.
“Interventions to Improve Water Quality for Preventing Diarrhoea.” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2006), Issue 3, Article No. CD004794. http://www.cochrane.org/reviews/en/ab004794.html Curtis, V., and S. Cairncross. 2003.
“Effect of Washing Hands With Soap on Diarrhoea Risk in the Community: A Systematic Review.” Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3, Issue 5, May 2003, pp.275-281. http://www.globalhandwashing.org/Publications/Attachments/CurtisHandwashing.pdf Ensink, J., with V. Curtis (quality assurance). WELL Fact Sheet: Health Impact of Handwashing With Soap.
Accessed online at the WELL website (managed by the Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University). http://www.lboro.ac.uk/well/resources/fact-sheets/fact-sheets-htm/
Handwashing.htm. Fewtrell, L., R. B. Kaufmann, D. Kay, W. Enanoria, L. Haller, and J. M. Colford, Jr. 2005. “Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Interventions to Reduce Diarrhoea in Less Developed Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol. 5, Issue 1, January 2005, pp. 42-52.
The Handwashing Handbook: A Guide for Developing a Hygiene Promotion Program to Increase Handwashing with Soap http://www.globalhandwashing.org/
Sample Materials for Use in Schools
Scrub Club (www.scrubclub.org) Healthy Schools, Healthy People (HSHP). It’s a SNAP: A Cross-Curricular, School- Wide Education Program for Middle Schools.
Available through the HSHP website at http://www.itsasnap.org/snap/pdfs/SNAP%20Toolkit%20FINAL%204.pdf.
Citations and Credits:
Cover Art and Global Handwashing Day logo, Landor Associates Peru Handwashing Girls 1, photo by Nga Kim Nguyen/WSP
1 UNICEF, State of the World’s Children 2008.
2 Lorna Fewtrell, Kaufmann R.B., Kay D., Enanoria W., Haller L., and Colford, J.M.C., Jr. 2005. “Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhoea in less developed countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis.” The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol. 5, Issue 1: 42-52. Also, Curtis, V. and Cairncross, S. 2003. “Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea risk in the community: A systematic review.” The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3, May 2003, pp 275-281.
3 WELL Fact Sheet at http://www.lboro.ac.uk/well/resources/fact-sheets/factsheets-htm/Handwashing.htm
4 WELL Fact Sheet.
5 WELL Fact Sheet.
6 Lorna Fewtrell et al.
7 WELL Fact Sheet